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I’ve set up links to the encylopaedia pieces for each one. This site is presented for educational and general informational purposes only. It does not purport to offer medical advice for any specific medical condition or individual patient. We regret that we cannot provide individualized medical advice online, either via this web site or via email. Please refer to our «Notable Web Sites» section, which offers links to several excellent online sources of additional medical information. How to Treat Bladder Stones in Cats.
Uroliths, commonly referred to as bladder stones, are small mineral concentrations that build up in the urinary tract of animals. Cats of any breed and age may be affected by bladder stones, which come in a variety of shapes and sizes. If left untreated, the stones may irritate the urinary tract, causing bleeding, and can also block the flow of urine, leading to irreversible kidney damage and death. Learning the signs and symptoms of bladder stones is crucial to help with early detection and treatment in your cat. Certain cat breeds, such as Himalayans, have a genetic predisposition toward developing mineral deposits in the bladder. But other factors can cause bladder stones in any breed. A diet high in acidity or calcium, magnesium, or phosphorus may cause mineral buildup.
Decreased water consumption may lead to the concentration of minerals in the bladder. A urinary tract infection may lead to bladder stones. Certain medications and supplements, including Lasix, Cortisone, Ascorbic Acid, Tetracycline, and Sulfa drugs, may cause bladder stones when used over prolonged periods of time if the cat has a genetic tendency to do so. It is important to be alert for signs that your cat may have uroliths. Your vet will be able to diagnose bladder stones, and may be able to determine how severe the blockage is in your cat. Report any unusual behavior or problems you’ve noticed in your cat.
Your vet may take an X Ray or conduct other tests, such as palpating your cat’s abdomen, checking its urine, or taking an ultrasonography test. If the cat has bladder stones, a stone, or group of stones, will be seen in the urinary bladder, or other parts of the urinary system such as the kidney, ureter, or urethra. If your cat is suffering from bladder stones, time may be of the essence. Stones have been shown to grow to problematic sizes in as little as two weeks. Bladder stone growth may lead to severe pain, vomiting, and depression. If a blocked ureter is not diagnosed and treated quickly, the blocked kidney may become irreversibly damaged. Depending on the severity and location of your cat’s bladder stones, your veterinarian may recommend something as simple as a change in diet, or a major surgical procedure. Your vet may prescribe a special diet that will dissolve mineral deposits in your cat and alter its pH to prevent future deposits. Your vet may flush your cat’s bladder.